Pinyin Pronunciation Guide
Key to Chinese Phonetic Alphabet

a as in fah
ai as in
aisle
an as in
land
ang a as in
fah and ng as in sing
ao like the
au's in sauerkraut
b- like the
p in spay, or akin to b in bay
c- like
t's-h in it's hell, but with more breath
ch- like the
ch-h in teach him, but with the tongue tip curled far back and with more breath
d- like the
t in stay, or akin to d in day
e  like the British
err, but spoken with tenser muscle
ei as in
eight
en and in
end, sometimes like the un in unfit
eng as in
length, sometimes like ung in lung
er like the American err, but spoken with tenser muscle
f- as in
fool
g- like the k in skate, or akin to g in gate
h- as in hay
i as in machine
-i (after z-, c-, s-, zh, ch-, sh-, r-) a vowel produced by keeping the manner for the preceding consonant
ia = i + a (like
Yah in Yahweh)
ian = i + en (like yen)
iang = i + ang
iao = i + ao (like
yow in yowl)
ie = i + e (like yeh)
in like in
ing as in sing
iong = i + ong
iu = i + (o)u (like
you or yoo in yoo-hoo)
j- like
tch in itching, or akin to j in jeep
k- as in kerb, but with a stronger aspiration
l- as in
let
m- as in may
n as in
net or in pin
-ng as in sing (also forming a few independent exclamations)
ong like
oo in hood and ng in sing
ou as in soul
p- as in put, but with a stronger aspiration
q- like
ch in cheap, but with more breath
r- like the r in
crew, but with the tongue tip curled far back
-r a weak form of
er (many Southerners speak Chinese without this suffix)
s- as in
see
sh- like the sh in shoe, but with the tongue tip curled far back
t- as in
turn, but with stronger aspiration
u as in
rule, but with more lip-rounding
(=yu): made by producing the
i of machine with the lips rounded as for the oo of ooze (written as u after j, q, x, y)
ua = u + a (like
wa in wahoo)
uai = u + ai (like Wye)
uan = u + an (or + an after j, q, x, y)
uang + u + ang
ue = + e
ui   = u + ei (like
weigh)
un = u + n
uo  = u + o (like
w-awe)
w- as in wool
x- like sh in she
y- as in yearn
z- like t's in it's ours, or akin to ds in beds
zh- like j in just, but with the tongue tip curled far back



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